Ideal Blood Pressure - Know Your Boundaries
Just what is your ideal blood pressure? So many people want to know, as I have discovered throughout my years of practice.
Keeping blood pressure under control is something that is very vital to everybody, so it is not surprising that many people have an interest in this.
However, blood pressure is a tricky subject because it varies according to age group. Let’s say you are 15 years old, then your ideal blood pressure would not be the same as a person who is already 83 years old!
A blood pressure reading is defined by two numbers: the systolic (top number) pressure and the diastolic (bottom number) pressure.
The systolic pressure calculates the greatest pressure that is exerted when your heart contracts. The diastolic pressure displays the minimum pressure against your arteries when your heart rests between beats of the heart.
One reason that finding your ideal blood pressure is sometimes tricky is because this is not an exact science. I want to make clear to you that each and every individual is different. Therefore, it is the range of blood pressure values that we should be looking at to discover what the ideal blood pressure really is.
More times than I can remember from my practice, too many people make the mistake of assuming that blood pressure is a fixed number, but it isn’t!
Let me present you with a clear example of what I’m talking about. Say your blood pressure reading is 120/70 one minute. However, just 5 minutes later, it could have changed significantly depending on what you did. If in those 5 minutes you got angry or started running or ate something, you should expect that your blood pressure reading would change a lot.
Remember: Your blood pressure is never fixed, and you should not make the mistake of assuming that one reading you get is your fixed blood pressure reading.
One thing to remember about ideal blood pressure is that these are ranges only and not an exact precise figure.
Also there may be many reasons why your readings do not fall within this range and your physician will be able to advise you if this is something you need to be concerned about as he has all the information about you at his disposal and so can best assess this, taking into account all of these different factors and variables.
For your information, when the reading refers to the systolic pressure it is referring to the top number and diastolic is the bottom. So for example a blood pressure of 120/70 means that the systolic is 120 and the 70 is the diastolic.
The pressure of the blood in the arteries is measured in millimetres of mercury which is shortened to mmHG for short, the HG being the chemical symbol for mercury and mm being the abbreviation for millimetres.
According to the Indiana University School of Optometry, the normal accepted adult range for systolic pressure is anywhere from 100 mmHG to 119 mmHG.
The normal accepted adult range for diastolic pressure is from 60 mmHG to 79 mmHG. A reading of 120/80 is actually considered as pre-hypertensive today.
Even newborns can suffer from high blood pressure, and they, too, have an ideal blood pressure that parents should ensure that they keep.
The normal range for newborns is 60 mmHG to 80 mmHG for systolic pressure and 50 mmHG to 75 mmHG for diastolic pressure.
Younger teenagers, for our definition purposes here, are defined as those around 14 years of age. At 14, people are still growing and developing, but they are not completely children anymore either.
The normal blood pressure range for 14-year-olds is 100 mmHG for systolic pressure and 65 mmHG for diastolic pressure.
Adults 25 Years and Over
Adults 25 years and over deserve their own category.
Again, according to the Indiana University School of Optometry, the normal accepted range in this category is anything below 120 mmHG for systolic pressure and anything below 80 mmHG for diastolic pressure.
Factors Influencing Blood Pressure
Although people of different age groups accordingly have different blood pressure ranges, they do have one thing in common: the factors that influence blood pressure.
It does not matter if you are 80 years old or if you are 19 years old, but if you live your life a certain way, you are going to be more susceptible to suffering high blood pressure than people who live their lives more healthily.
If you live a stressed life, you are going to increase the risk that you will end up with high blood pressure.
To have ideal blood pressure, you should cut down on activities and lifestyle habits that cause you stress.
For example, if you do not get a good night’s sleep each night, that causes you stress. If you are always easily angered and yell a lot…well, that shows you have a lot of stress, too.
Stress can be battled if you just adjust a few things in your life.
For example, make it a point to go to sleep earlier so that your quality of sleep is better and you can get more hours of sleep.
If you find yourself easily angered, then you may want to try meditation or yoga, which, in my experience, has helped quite a few patients deal with stress.
Exercise is something that affects blood pressure in the opposite manner than stress does. Ideal blood pressure is made more easily attainable if you stick to a regimen of regular exercise.
Exercise has both physical as well as psychological benefits.
Physically, exercise helps you to lose weight, and the less weight you have to contend with on your frame, the lower your blood pressure will be.
Psychologically, exercise helps to clear your mind and can be done both for relaxation as well as enjoyment, in addition to keeping fit.
All these aspects work together to help you attain a lower blood pressure.
The aforementioned normal ranges are guidelines only, and it is important to remember that getting a reliable blood pressure reading depends on you regularly measuring your blood pressure on a daily or weekly basis and at the same time of day. This is because blood pressure fluctuates.
So, in summary, you need to bear in mind lots of factors when working out what your ideal blood pressure is and know that no-one will have it at that level all of the time every single day.
It’s about being within the normal range. Your physician can advise you further.
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